In April 1915, the government of Ottoman Turkey began the wholesale deportations of its Armenian population of two million people.
The Armenian Genocide started in the thick of World War I but continued after the war ended in 1918. By 1923 1.5 million Armenians had been killed.
To complete the eradication of the Armenian people from their homeland, their churches, schools, and towns were systematically destroyed and nearly all traces of their civilization erased or obscured.
The Armenian Genocide was perpetrated by the Committee of Union and Progress, the radical wing of the Young Turk party that seized power in the Ottoman Empire.