Among the many consequences of the Armenian Genocide was also the destruction of the millennial civilization of the Armenian people. In 1915 across the Ottoman Empire the Armenian community maintained some 2,500 churches, 400 monasteries and 2,000 schools. In 2015, of these centuries-old institutions, only 34 churches and 18 schools remained in Turkey, nearly all in the city of Istanbul, effectively indicating the total eradication of Armenian civilization in its historic homelands. What remains are mostly ruins, all deliberately vandalized, others abandoned to nature, and some converted to other uses such as barns, depots, and even mosques. Of many an ancient monument not a trace remains.